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Geography of Brunei


Brunei occupies 5,770 km² (2,228 mi²) on the northwestern coast of the island of Borneo. Comparatively, the area occupied by Brunei is about half the size of Qatar. It comprises two small enclaves separated by the Limbang River Valley, a salient of the Malaysian state of Sarawak, which surrounds Brunei on the east, south and west. Brunei's total boundary length is 381 km (237 mi). Brunei's capital city, Bandar Seri Begawan, is located in the northern part of the country.

Brunei's western enclave contains most of the country's population, as well as the capital; the thinly populated eastern zone is mainly dense forest. The land generally consists of primary and secondary tropical rain forest, with a narrow coastal strip on the western enclave. The eastern enclave is more hilly, rising to 1,850 m (6,070 ft) in the peak of Mt. Pagon in the extreme south.

The country has a tropical climate, with uniform temperatures ranging from 23° to 32°C (73-89°F). Humidity is high – about 80% all year round – and annual rainfall varies from about 275 cm (110 in) along the coast to more than 500 cm (200 in) in the interior. Rainfall is heaviest during the northeast monsoon season (landas), especially in November and December.


Southeastern Asia, bordering the South China Sea and Malaysia

Geographic coordinates
4 30 N, 114 40 E

Map references
Southeast Asia

total: 5,765 sq km
land: 5,265 sq km
water: 500 sq km

Area - comparative
about half the size of Qatar

Land boundaries
total: 381 km
border countries: Malaysia 381 km

161 km

Maritime claims
territorial sea: 12 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm or to median line

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