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Population in Brunei


The population of Brunei in 2005 was estimated by the United Nations at 363,000, which placed it at number 166 in population among the 193 nations of the world. In 2005, approximately 3% of the population was over 65 years of age, with another 32% of the population under 15 years of age. There were 108 males for every 100 females in the country. According to the UN, the annual population rate of change for 2005-10 was expected to be 1.9%, a rate the government viewed as satisfactory, although there was concern about the high percentage of immigrants (over 30% of the population is foreign-born). The projected population for the year 2025 was 494,000. The population density was 63 per km² (163 per mi²).

The UN estimated that 74% of the population lived in urban areas in 2005, and that urban areas were growing at an annual rate of 2.78%. The capital city, Bandar Seri Begawan, had a population of 61,000 in that year. Other important towns are Seria, Kuala Belait and Tutong.


408,786 (July 2012 est.)

Age structure
0-14 years: 25% (male 52,808/ female 49,584)
15-64 years: 71.3% (male 143,778/ female 147,664)
65 years and over: 3.7% (male 7,293/ female 7,659) (2012 est.)

Median age
total: 28.7 years
male: 28.5 years
female: 28.9 years (2012 est.)

Population growth rate
1.691% (2012 est.)

Birth rate
17.74 births/1,000 population (2012 est.)

Death rate
3.39 deaths/1,000 population (July 2012 est.)

Net migration rate
2.55 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2012 est.)

urban population: 76% of total population (2010)
rate of urbanisation: 2.2% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)

Major cities - population
Bandar Seri Begawan (capital) 22,000 (2009)

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